On November 19, the thematic report in the framewrk of the KOSINT 2020 project was presented “Reasons that impact the school dropout from students of Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities”.
The purpose of this report is to identify the reasons that impact the school dropouts of children from Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities. Through analysis of the legal framework, programs and intervention projects by the institutions in charge and CSOs, as well as discussions with key stakeholders, it has been attempted to highlight the reasons behind the school dropouts.
The key common thing of all these documents and articles lies on the obligation that the state takes over to provide education to all its citizens. Therefore, the right to education is not only guaranteed, but it is also an obligation and a duty of all. However, the inclusion of children from vulnerable and marginalized groups into education remains a constant challenge.
The findings from various reports of school dropout are:
- difficult economic situation,
- lack of desire from the side of children
- early employment of children and young people
- severe economic conditions,
- high unemployment rate,
- low level of education and awareness of parents about the importance of education,
- discrimination in school,
- access to relevant infrastructure on the way to school,
- lack of teachers of Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian origin, and
- migration of families for economic reasons and return to Kosovo.
Additionally, this analysis also highlights other factors that influence the school dropout and are closely related to one another:
1. Individual factors;
2. Family factors;
3. School factors, and
4. Social factors.